Tourist attractions for Mozart in Salzburg include the composer’s birthplace, Mozart’s residence, Mozart memorial, as well as the “Mozartkugeln” chocolate shop, using the original recipe from 1890.
Mozart’s birthplace, in which he lived until the age of seventeen, is located at the building at Getreidegasse 9, on the third level.
The birthplace has been a museum since 1880, and showcases, for example, the violin Mozart used for practice as a child, his concert violin, clavichord, piano, several portraits, as well Mozart family letters.
Second level of the building has been dedicated to theme “Mozart and Theater”. Exhibition on the second level includes several dioramas, showcasing, how the interpretation of Mozart’s operas has changed over time.
PHOTO: Mozart’s birth-house (Mozart Geburtshaus) in Salzburg, at Getreidegasse 9, where he was born at 8pm, January 27th, 1756, and next day, the future composer was baptized within the Cathedral of Salzburg. The official birth certificate states Mozart’s full name as “Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart”.
PHOTO: Mozart-Wohnhaus, or the residence, in which Mozart lived with his family from the Autumn of 1773 to his departure to Vienna in 1781. The residence is located at Makartplatz 8.
PHOTO: One of the best known Mozart in Salzburg tourist attractions, the Mozart memorial, created by Ludwig von Schwanthaler and located within the Mozartplatz square, and build in 1842.
Mozart is the most famous and the most popular of the many significant past residents of Salzburg, and many of the city’s locations and places have been named after him, including the pictured Mozartsteg pedestrian bridge (crossing the Salzach river), Mozarteum Salzburg (www.moz.ac.at) university, and the international airport in Salzburg, the W. A. Mozart Airport (www.salzburg-airport.com).
Mozarteum foundation, which governs over the Mozart Geburtshaus building, has dedicated the first level of the building to changing exhibitions, showcasing Mozart in Salzburg in several ways.
Mozart family moved from their Medieval building at Getreidegasse to the more modern building at the Makartplatz square, on the the other side of the Salzach-river, in 1773.
The young Mozart lived in the Makartplatz house until his departure to Vienna in 1781, and his production while living in the house include many symphonys, serenades, five violin concerts and several piano concerts, including “Lützow concert” KV 246 and “Jeunehomme concert” KV 271.
The house is also where he started work on “La finta giardinera” KV 196, created “Il re pastore” KV 208, and some parts of the “Idomeneo” KV 366.
Mozart’s sister Nannerl lived in the house until her death in 1784, and Mozart’s father, Leopold Mozart, also lived here until his eventual death, May 28th, 1787.
Today, the Mozart Salzburg residence (Mozart-Wohnhaus) at Makartplazt square functions as a museum. The entrance floor of the museum documents the house’s history, and the way Mozart family lived here, focusing on the life and works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
For example, the museum has an excellent explanation of the travels of Mozart and his sister Maria Anna (“Nannerl”), throughout the concert halls of Europe. Another of the museum highlights is a multimedia production called “Mozart and Salzburg”.
Information (entrance fees, hours, locations, etc) for both of the Mozart museums in Salzburg is available through the official Mozarteum foundation website, at www.mozarteum.at.
Mozart did visit Salzburg after moving to Vienna, of which best documented case is his visit to the city in October 1783, which is when he gave a premiere of one of his works at the Salzburg St. Peter’s Church, with his wife, Constance, performing the soprano parts.
However, Mozart lived his final years in Vienna, at Rauhensteingasse 8, until his death in 1791, only 35 year old at the time. His final residence does not remain, but at the location, you can find a Mozart memorial placate.
Salzburg never abandoned her composer-genius, of which an example is, in addition to the many locations named after Mozart, the “Mozartkugel” chocolate treats, developed here in 1890.
The shop for the chocolatier who developed Mozartkugel’s, Paul Fürst, called “Fürst” (www.original-mozartkugel.com), has developed into one of the city’s Mozart tourist attractions.
The Fürst shop is located at its original address, at Brodgasse 13, and still makes Mozartkugels using in original, unique recipe.