Notre Dame Paris France is the city’s Gothic cathedral church, a landmark building, where, for example, Napoleon was crowned an Emperor.
Notre Dame, officially Notre Dame de Paris, was constructed from 1163-1345…into a location where the first church in Paris, Saint Etienne basilica, had previously been.
Construction work on the church commenced under the reign of King Louis VII, and continued for a whopping nearly 200 years.
During this time, several famous architects of the time took part in the planning, which is also why you’ll find many architecture styles within the church.
PHOTO: A view to Notre Dame Paris France from Place du Parvis Notre Dame.
PHOTO: One of the most famous highlights on the Notre Dame facade is the “Galerie des Rois”, or “Gallery of Kings”…a row of 28 statues, representing Kings of Judea (from the period before Jesus).
PHOTO: “Le balcon de la Vierge” section on the facade, above Galerie des Rois. In the artwork, Virgin Mary is surrounded by angels, joined by, to the sides (outside the photo), statues of Adam and Eve. The massive rose window behind the sculptures provides a dramatic backdrop…even though, that particular one is the smallest rose window (out of three) within Notre Dame.
PHOTO: Notre Dame de Paris church towers are 68 meters in height. You can visit one of the two towers, with entrance up located on the side of the church. The stairs up go through “Galerie des Chimères“, ending at the Notre Dame Paris France church bell, made famous by Victor Hugo’s “The Hunchback of Notre Dame” (1831), with magnificent views overParis. The stairs up to the 13-ton church bell (“Emmanuel“) have 442 steps.
PHOTO: A statue next to the main entrance, titled “Synagoga”.
One of the most notable parts of the church are the magnificent church towers, completed in 1245, exactly a hundred years before the rest of the church.
Since it was completed, Notre Dame de Paris has been rebuilt several times, especially during the reigns of King Louis XIV (the famous “Sun King”) and Louis XV.
A turning point for the cathedral came with the events of the French Revolution, 1793, when many of its irreplaceable treasures and statues were either stolen, or destroyed.
Despite the destruction, Notre Dame retained its role in Parisian life, and kept its place on the hearts of the French people.
Napoleon Bonaparte, elected the Emperor of France on May 28th of 1804, was ceremonially crowned in Notre Dame the same year (December 2nd, 1804).
Notre Dame de Paris
Address: 6, Parvis Notre-Dame, 75004 Paris, France
Official website: NotreDameDeParis.fr
To get to the church, the closest Paris metro station is “Cité“, for the metro line M4.